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Sarkhej Roza
Sarkhej Roza comprises one of the most elegant and unique architectural complexes of the Ahmedabad. In its architecture Sarkhej Roza is an example of the example of the early architectural cultures of the region, which fused Islamic stylistic influences from Persia with indigenous Hindu and Jain features to form a composite “Indo-Saracenic” architectural style. The architectural style of Sarkhej Roza is a precursor to the Mugal Period in a true amalgamation of Hindu, Jain and Islamic styles. Hindu craftsmanship and construction know-how was overlaid on Islamic sense of geometry and scale. The Roza Complex at Sarkhej was built at the advent of Sultanate era.

Historical Background
At the time when Ahmedabad city was built, which was during the reign of Ahmed Shah (440-14430A.D), Sarkhej was a village with a population consisting of weavers and indigo-dyers who were predominantly Hindus. It became associated with the name of Shaikh Ahmed Khattu Ganj Baksh, a Sufi saint and a friend/advisor to Sultan Ahmed Shah, who in his later years retired to the quite environment of Sarkhej, away from the city. The saint lived till he was 111 years of age and was greatly venerated during his lifetime. Myths about his miraculous powers are prevalent even today. Lives and teaching of Shaikh Ganj Baksh Kattu upon his death in 1445, the reigning monarch, Mohammad Shah ordered a mausoleum build in his honour, along with a mosque.

The construction of these two monuments were completed in 1451 A.D., by his successor Qutb’ud-Din Ahmed Shah. In the latter half of the 15th century, Sultan Mahumd Begada completed the complex by excavating a central tank and adding a number of pavilions and a small private mosque. Sarkhej now, became a place of repose and meditation; a summer resort for the royal family. Also he built a mausoleum for himself and his family opposite to that of the saint, where his son Muzzaffar II and his queen, Rajabai were buried. A garden were constructed to commemorate the event. The complex is therefore one of the producand his queents of an important phase in the socio-political history of Gujarat. Further additions to the complex were made in 1584 A.D., when Akbar’s forces defended Muzaffar III. A country house Gujarat, and in particular, the city of Ahmedabad.